How EDI in Transportation and Logistics Works

EDI for Logistics

Companies with a structured and sophisticated logistics strategy can do all kinds of incredible things – improve operational efficiency, increase visibility into their supply chain, and most of all, strengthen customer relationships throughout their ecosystem.

In order to accomplish that, however, companies need to first have the proper EDI software in place. EDI remains the standard for electronic transactions between businesses, and that is no exception in the logistics industry.

How Does EDI for Logistics Work?

Logistics organizations rely on EDI data to simply get things done. Whether that is onboarding a new trading partner, communicating with a customer, or receiving an EDI load tender, the bottom line is logistics companies have needed a consistent and efficient EDI strategy for decades and will continue to for years to come.

Connecting and integrating EDI transport data across a multi-enterprise supply chain is of the utmost importance. Modernized technology can extend data flows to integrate into core applications to expand a company’s online presence through seamless eCommerce and marketplace integration.

Scaling quickly is what every logistics company across the globe wants to be able to do. Modernized EDI systems give organizations the control that they require to conduct business with customers and trading partners. Those critical data exchanges between businesses must be standardized, automated, integrated sufficiently, and simplified. Without those four key ingredients, logistics companies are going to struggle.

The Logistics of EDI

Along with the supply chain, EDI has often been referred to as the lifeblood of the logistics industry. From all of the EDI communication standards to the various EDI messages, the critical data communication standard that is EDI has been fundamental throughout the logistics industry for a long time.

As much as any other industry, if not more, logistics companies must be able to scale – and scale quickly. Companies need to handle the sending and receiving of electronic documents, such as X12, EDIFACT, Tradacoms, ODETTE, EANCOM, HIPAA, VDA, and much more. Throughout the logistics industry, becoming EDI capable means not just being able to accommodate and leverage all of these communication standards, but to do so efficiently and fast.

EDI’s primary goal is designed to make the workflow of a logistics company smooth and easier through the standardization, automation, integration, and simplification of those critical data exchanges. But that’s why it takes the right solution to make these things possible, and the right solution begins with modernizing your EDI.

Common EDI Logistics Transactions

Every industry, from transportation and logistics to manufacturing or retail has its own recurring EDI transactions that they will need to not just familiarize themselves with, but learn to master and know the ins and outs of. Each EDI document transaction contains a certain amount of important data, and without it, the EDI document is practically useless.

EDI formatting must be adhered to based on strict formatting rules that define how and where each part of data on the document is found and utilized. Each EDI document is assigned one of several transaction numbers from the EDI public format. This allows logistics companies to streamline EDI transport transactions and improve EDI order processing using efficient EDI integration and the seamless automation of B2B workflows between both internal and external systems, applications, and cloud ecosystems.

Some of the most common EDI transport transactions for logistics companies include:

EDI 104: Air Shipment Information
EDI 106: Motor Carrier Rate Proposal
EDI 107: Request for Motor Carrier Rate Proposal
EDI 108: Response to a Motor Carrier Rate Proposal
EDI 109: Vessel Content Details
EDI 110: Air Freight Details and Invoice
EDI 120: Vehicle Shipping Order
EDI 121: Vehicle Service
EDI 125: Multilevel Railcar Load Details
EDI 126: Vehicle Application Advice
EDI 127: Vehicle Baying Order
EDI 128: Dealer Information
EDI 129: Vehicle Carrier Rate Update
EDI 160: Transportation Automatic Equipment Identification
EDI 161: Train Sheet
EDI 163: Transportation Appointment Schedule Information
EDI 204: Motor Carrier Load Tender
EDI 210: Motor Carrier Freight Details and Invoice
EDI 211: Motor Carrier Bill of Lading
EDI 212: Motor Carrier Delivery Trailer Manifest
EDI 213: Motor Carrier Shipment Status Inquiry
EDI 214: Transportation Carrier Ship. Status Message
EDI 215: Motor Carrier Pick-up Manifest
EDI 216: Motor Carrier Shipment Pick-up Notification
EDI 217: Motor Carrier Loading and Route Guide
EDI 219: Logistics Service Request
EDI 220: Logistics Service Response
EDI 222: Cartage Work Assignment
EDI 223: Consolidators Freight Bill and Invoice
EDI 224: Motor Carrier Summary Freight Bill Manifest
EDI 225: Response to a Cartage Work Assignment
EDI 227: Trailer Usage Report
EDI 228: Equipment Inspection Report
EDI 240: Motor Carrier Package Status
EDI 250: Purchase Order Shipment Management Document
EDI 300: Reservation (Booking Request) (Ocean)
EDI 301: Confirmation (Ocean)
EDI 303: Booking Cancellation (Ocean)
EDI 304: Shipping Instructions
EDI 309: Customs Manifest
EDI 310: Freight Receipt and Invoice (Ocean)
EDI 311: Canada Customs Information
EDI 312: Arrival Notice (Ocean)
EDI 313: Shipment Status Inquiry (Ocean)
EDI 315: Status Details (Ocean)
EDI 317: Delivery/Pickup Order
EDI 319: Terminal Information
EDI 322: Terminal Operations and Intermodal Ramp Activity
EDI 323: Vessel Schedule and Itinerary (Ocean)
EDI 324: Vessel Stow Plan (Ocean)
EDI 325: Consolidation of Goods in Container
EDI 326: Consignment Summary List
EDI 350: Customs Status Information
EDI 352: U.S. Customs Carrier General Order Status
EDI 353: Customs Events Advisory Details
EDI 354: U.S. Customs Auto. Manifest Archive Status
EDI 355: U.S. Customs Acceptance/Rejection
EDI 356: U.S. Customs Permit to Transfer Request
EDI 357: U.S. Customs In-Bond Information
EDI 358: Customs Consist Information
EDI 359: Customs Customer Profile Management
EDI 361: Carrier Interchange Agreement (Ocean)
EDI 404: Rail Carrier Shipment Information
EDI 410: Rail Carrier Freight Details and Invoice
EDI 412: Trailer or Container Repair Billing
EDI 414: Rail Carhire Settlements
EDI 417: Rail Carrier Waybill Interchange
EDI 418: Rail Advance Interchange Consist
EDI 419: Advance Car Disposition
EDI 420: Car Handling Information
EDI 421: Estimated Time of Arrival & Car Scheduling
EDI 422: Equipment Order
EDI 423: Rail Industrial Switch List
EDI 424: Rail Carrier Services Settlement
EDI 425: Rail Waybill Request
EDI 426: Rail Revenue Waybill
EDI 429: Railroad Retirement Activity
EDI 431: Railroad Station Master File
EDI 432: Rail Deprescription
EDI 433: Railroad Reciprocal Switch File
EDI 434: Railroad Mark Register Update Activity
EDI 435: Standard Transportation Commodity Code Master
EDI 436: Locomotive Information
EDI 437: Railroad Junctions & Interchanges Activity
EDI 440: Shipment Weights
EDI 451: Railroad Event Report
EDI 452: Railroad Problem Log Inquiry or Advice
EDI 453: Railroad Service Commitment Advice
EDI 455: Railroad Parameter Trace Registration
EDI 456: Railroad Equipment Inquiry or Advice
EDI 460: Railroad Price Distribution Request or Response
EDI 463: Rail Rate Reply
EDI 466: Rate Request
EDI 468: Rate Docket Journal Log
EDI 470: Railroad Clearance
EDI 475: Rail Route File Maintenance
EDI 485: Ratemaking Action
EDI 486: Rate Docket Expiration
EDI 490: Rate Group Definition
EDI 492: Miscellaneous Rates
EDI 494: Rail Scale Rates
EDI 601: U.S. Customs Export Shipment Information
EDI 603: Transportation Equipment Registration
EDI 715: Intermodal Group Loading Plan
EDI 854: Shipment Delivery Discrepancy Info.
EDI 858: Shipment Information
EDI 859: Freight Invoice
EDI 920: Loss or Damage Claim: Gen. Commodities
EDI 924: Loss or Damage Claim: Motor Vehicle
EDI 925: Claim Tracer
EDI 926: Claim Status Report and Tracer Reply
EDI 928: Automotive Inspection Detail
EDI 980: Functional Group Totals
EDI 990: Response to a Load Tender
EDI 998: Set Cancellation

Importance of EDI Compliance in Logistics

Logistics companies that aren’t EDI-compliant are going to soon realize how quickly fines can add up. Going one step further, besides costing your company money, non-compliance impacts the trust companies have built with trading partners, jeopardizing those relationships and lowering the competitive threshold.

A modernized technology platform means companies can stop worrying about missing their SLAs, eliminate the potential for inaccurate EDI, and ensure a fluid data process throughout a data lifecycle. Modern EDI tools can rapidly identify and address errors, pinpoint EDI compliance violations, and rapidly resolve any issues. Logistics companies can put an end to dropped, late, and inaccurate orders, and streamline end-to-end data transformation, orchestration, and integration with secure EDI.

Why Modern EDI Logistics Software is Critical for Business Success

Cleo Integration Cloud eliminates the frustration that comes from onboarding new trading partners because it leverages previously created project templates via its EDI platform to speed EDI mapping processes, and also removes custom-code and one-off integrations. Additionally, Cleo Integration Cloud bridges the gap from a traditional EDI model to one with full connectivity, visibility, and support.

Cleo Integration Cloud elevates a logistics company’s EDI visibility over business processes and streamlines its B2B communications. Cleo Integration Cloud helps automate EDI processes in order to connect, transform, and route EDI and non-EDI transactions through its ecosystem without piling on the custom code.

Discover the benefits of using Cleo Integration Cloud for EDI integration by watching this short demo video:

Want to learn more?

Request a Meeting


Recommended for you

White Paper: Why The Future of B2B is Ecosystem Integration
Ecosystem Integration helps companies quickly build automated processes that can respond dynamically and intelligently to market disruptions.
eBook: What it Really Means to Do EDI
Learn about the role of modern EDI in the enterprise and discover the ways EDI can drive revenue for your organization.
Cleo Integration Cloud Accelerators Library Cloud Library
Introducing the Cleo Integration Cloud Accelerators Library, a series of out-of-the-box API & EDI integrations that revolutionize your ability to connect your supply chain.
Infographic: 2021 Manufacturing Trends Report
Supply chain challenges driven by the spike in eCommerce have prompted manufacturing companies to reevaluate digital transformation strategies. Learn more!


Sign up here to get the latest blog posts delivered directly to you.

Cleo will send you occasional emails, you may unsubscribe at any time. Cleo Privacy Policy.