EDI 990: Response to a Load Tender

Read the guide below to learn about the EDI 990.

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EDI Transaction Header

What is an EDI 990?

An EDI 990 - Delivery Information Message generated in response to EDI - 204 Motor Carrier Load Tender Transaction Set. The EDI 990 is utilized by manufacturers, distributions centers, wholesalers, within the shipping and transportation industry to communicate whether or not a specific shipment will be picked up by the shipper. One of five responses may be communicated using an EDI 990:

  • Tender accepted
  • Tender declined
  • Tender accepted with conditions
  • Spot bid request accepted (w/ freight quote bid amount)
  • Spot bid request declined


How is an EDI 990?

An EDI 990 - Delivery Information Message is used by carriers to communicate a response to an EDI -204 Motor Carrier Load Tender Transaction Set. The carrier response will tell the shipper whether or not it will pick up an offered shipment. The EDI 990 is used exclusively for full truckload shipments. After an EDI 990 is received by the shipper, the shipper will respond with an EDI 997 Functional Acknowledgement, thereby confirming receipt of the EDI 990.


Example EDI 990 transaction exchange:

Because the EDI 990 serves as a response to an EDI 204 transaction, you can start to grasp where the EDI 990 falls in terms of a normal load-tender-to-invoice cycle.

Here is an example of where the EDI 990 fits in within the transaction series:


  • First, an EDI 204 Motor Carrier Load Tender tenders an offer for a shipment to a carrier.
  • The carrier responds with an EDI 990 Response to a Load Tender transaction set, indicating whether it accepts or declines the offer to tender a shipment.
  • If the tender is accepted by the carrier, the carrier will then send an EDI 214 Shipment Status Report to inform the shipper of pick-up and delivery information. 
  • Finally, an EDI 210 Motor Carrier Freight Details and Invoice is sent by the carrier to the shipper or consignee to request payment for freight charges.
Components of an EDI 990

An EDI 990 document should have a clear response and specific identification details for a particular shipment.

Key components of EDI 990 include:

- Shipment Identification Number
- Shipper and Carrier Contact Information
- Indication of Acceptance, Rejection, or Acceptance with Conditions
- Reason for Declining (if applicable)

EDI 990 Response to Load Tender transaction example

EDI 990 Transaction in Cleo Integration Cloud

EDI 990 transaction document in cleo integration cloud

EDI 990 Specification 

This X12 Transaction Set contains the format and establishes the data contents of the Response to a Load Tender Transaction Set (990) for use within the context of an Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) environment. The transaction set can be used to provide general information relative to a specific shipment. The Response to a Load Tender is used as the response to a Motor Carrier Load Tender Transaction Set (204) which has been used as a load tender.


Accredited Standards Committee X12. ASC X12 Standard [Table Data]. Data Interchange Standards Association, Inc., Falls Church, VA. https://x12.org/index.php/products/transaction-sets/transaction-sets

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